The persecution of the Jewish population by Nationalsocialists

The following incident shows the difficult situation the Jewish citizens were in. On 8/11/1935 a poster hung on the gate of a house in Gilgaustrasse saying: „Couple Bender bought the wedding roast from a Jew“ The local group NSDAP Ensen-Heumar informed the mayor of Porz that the Jew Tobias not only sold the roast but that he took photos of the wedding parade when they left the Catholic church. This spread big anxiety. The mayor was demanded not to consider Bender with the assignment of the works on the construction of the pioneer's barracks in Porz-Westhoven.

Boycott and discrimination turned not only against the Jews, but also against half-Jews and their non Jewish family members.
The living conditions of the Jewish population in Porz got worse with the introduction of the law about the legal relationships of the Jewish cult unions on 3/28/1938. It took away their right to be bodies of the public right and public laws. The living conditions in Porz were that bad that even the synagogue had to be sold on 2/.9/1938, even before its introduction. This entailed that the building of the former synagogue has not fallen victim to the excesses of the "Night of Broken Glass"; it had been reshaped in the meantime to a apartment building. Although the "Night of Broken Glass" on 11/9/1938 took place rather quietly in Porz, the boycott of the Jewish shops increased with the controls of SA who checken whether people still shopped in Jewish shops. The Jews of Zündorf did not remain spared from deportations as well. After the USA entered the war in 1941 the concentration camps were upgraded considerably. The transports from the area of the municipality of Porz brought them to Cologne or one of the collective and transit camps first.

In June, 1942 12 Jews from Porz were deported from the camp for receiving refugees Köln-Müngersdorf. In spite of the positive attitude towards Jews the major part of the population had only a few were saved from death. The fact that they had lived together for centuries in mostly well neighborly relations, had not admitted what was possible with the big-city mob under an incited, fanatical government. The good relations of the citizens with Jews are documented: Albert Tobias in Porz who was in the camp for receiving refugees in Siegburg in 1924 was so much liked that was visited by numerous friends there. Albert Salomon from Zündorf who passed away on 2/27/1942 was accompanied to his last resting-place by numerous people from Zündorf, although this was a thorn in the side to the rulers.

During the time of the Nazi regime citizens who lived in marriage with different confession had to suffer a lot. A report on a married couple who had married in 1931 in Porz also illustrates this. Because his wife was a Jew, it a divorce was suggested to the man in 1933. He was not taken over into civil service and lost his job in 1938. After six years the married couple had to go to Köln-Müngersdorf into one of the reception camps for "intermarriages". The man was taken to Giessen and afterwards he had to serve at the Russian front. His wife had to work in a spinning mill in Kassel. Afterwards she was brought to a town where resident farmers looked after her. Both returned to Porz immediately after the war was over and also found their four-year-old daughter who had been taken care for by the neighborhood for several months.


Discrimination of Jews beween 1933- 45

Freifahrkarte nach Jerusalem
Aufruf zum Kaufboykott:
 "Deutsche! - Wehrt Euch! - Kauft nicht bei Juden!"

Boykott von Handwerksbetrieben:
"Jüdische Inhaber zahlen Hungerlöhne"

Boykott von Ärzten und Rechtsanwälten:
"Meidet jüdische Ärzte und Rechtsanwälte"

Juden als Blutsauger

Change of names
1938: Forced change of names:
Jewish citizens had to assume „Israel“ and „Sara“ for their middle names
[Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln, Standesamt: A 290 - Nr. 1]

21.11.1938: Registry office Porz
Change of name by agency: Philipp "Israel" Lahe
[Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln, Standesamt: A 290 - Nr. 1]

07.12.1938: Registry office Porz
Change of name by agency: Rosa "Sara" Falkenstein
[Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln, Standesamt: A 290 - Nr. 1]

Destiny of marriages of different confession:

24.11.1941: Appeal of a woman form Urbach to the mayor of Porz not to wear the Yellow Star

Destiny of a marriage of different confession

19.01.1938: German Reichspost
The eyed marriage of different confession of Peter Vöttel (I)Dismissal of the postman because of his marriage to a non Aryan womand

30.09.1944: Gestapo (secret police) of Cologne
The eyed marriage of different confession of Peter Vöttel (II)
Designation from the district Cologne-Aachen