The development of a special synagogue community in Zündorf
On June 26th 1864 the district administrator brought a statute for the synagogue municipality before the government of Cologne. It included plans to integrate the offices of mayors of Wahn, Heumar and Rösrath in the special-synagogue municipality of Zündorf and the other offices of the area to the special-synagogue municipality of Mülheim. The statute came into effect on April 3rd 1865 and included the following regulations:

Every member of the Jewish community hast o pay tribute; this duty applies to the first of the following month, after the member counts as a member of the synagogue community of Mülheim. The member has to pay the tribute until the last day of the month in case of leaving the community. Those members who pay less than one Taler to the class tax don’t have to pay the tribute. All male payers are classified into three classes. Every male member has to accept an office in the community. Members that abstract from those rules can be bared by the synagogue municipality. The synagogue municipality elects nine representatives, which can’t be brothers, offspring or ancestors. Only men are allowed to vote and to be elected. The directorate of the community is based in Mülheim and consists of three members, the principals. There’s a substitute elected to each of the three. Both offices are each valid for six years. The principles create regulations for the community. All actions in the Jewish community are supervised by the government:

Public service may take place in private apartments if permitted by police authorities. Marriage ceremonies may only take place in synagogues, if a rabbi or a layman that was instructed by a rabbi enforces them. Aid for the poor and ill people in the Jewish synagogue municipality is financed by donations. The synagogue municipality hast to take care of the upkeep and maintenance of all gravesites. Multiple synagogue municipalities may ally. Classes in religious Jewish schools have to be given by certificated teachers. Every Jewish school-age- child hast to attend religion classes in the Jewish religious school or else, to be taught by qualified private-teacher for religion. The upkeep for all Jewish schools and religious schools is paid for by the budget of the synagogue municipality. Administration of the synagogue municipality is subject to supervision to the government of Cologne.

[Source reference: Statut für die Synagogengemeinde]

The budgets of the Jewish community gives information about their financial conditions: All members of the community determined about the budget of the synagogue municipality in December 1853.This was affirmed by an assembly of all represents. 1854 they took 12 Taler and 24 Silbergroschen from eight members. The directorate decided that the expenses have to equal the incomes, therefore it was 12 Taler and 24 Silbergroschen, too.

1866 eleven contributors are mentioned.

Members Tax con-
by class
Amount of
money (in Taler)
01. Salomon,Isaak, Zündorf 4 3,60
02. Salomon, Raphael, Zündorf 1 0,24
03. Sperber, Leopold, Zündorf 2 1,18
04. Cahn, Aaron, Zündiorf 2 1,18
05. Meyer, Aaron, Wwe. 2 1,18
06. Cahn, Jakob, Zündorf 1 0,24
07. Salomon, Simon, Zündorf 2 1,18
08. Meyer, Lazarus, Zündorf 2 1,18
09. Moises, Jakob, Zündorf 1 0,24
10. Wallach, Abraham, Ensen 3,10 2,12
11. Cahn, Levy, Zündorf 0,15 0,00 (dispens.)

Until 1882 the annual income increased up to 225 Reichsmark. The chart about the people that were liable to pay the tax didn’t change.

In 1866 the directorate of the synagogue municipality in Mülheim applied to the government of cologne to appoint someone tax-executor für the area of Zündorf. A citizen called Kuchmüller was appointed to collect all charges.

The synagogue in Niederzündorf was only a small oratory. The strict rules of the „regulations for the synagogue of Zündorf“ from May 22th 1865 applied to it in order to be continued. Among other things walking around and talking in the synagogue was prohibited; the seats had to be rented by the members of the community annually. The directorate of the synagogue municipality determined the chorister and supervised the compliance with regulations.

[Source reference: Statut für die Synagogengemeinde]