Results

Minorities and their fundamental rights in Cologne-Porz from 1870 until today -
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations and the Charta of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.
 

This project has aimed at an investigation of how the rights of migrants of different ethnic backgrounds have been treated in a geographically limited area during a period of time of 140 years / throughout the last 140 years.

Our focus has been to have a closer look at how the local population has treated the migrants and at what the migrants actively did to integrate or at least, in times of of evident repression, how they adapted to the new circumstances so that they could hope to escape political and ethnical persecution.

With regards to the future, we have tried to find out how cities in the European Community today meet with the new requirements that develop through migration and the settlement of migrants and what they have learned from history to prevent violations of human rights.

Thus it has been necessary to look at the fundamental rights relevant for a judgement of the situation of migrants in Porz in the last 140 years.

The validity of the different fundamental rights can be deduced from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations from December, 12th, 1948 (resolution 217 A III) 1) and the Charta of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights contains 30 articles, the Charta of Fundamental Rights 54 articles.2)

As the Charta and its preamble is more effectively coordinated with the needs of the citizens regarding the time and the concrete demands, we have decided to follow the Charta in our research / texts.3) For the first time, a single document brings together all of the rights previously to be found in a variety of legislative instruments, such as national laws and international conventions from the Council of Europe,the United Nations and the International Labour Organisation. By making fundamental rights clearer and more visible, the Charter helps to develop the concept of citizenship of the European Union and to create an area of freedom, security and justice. In the draft of the Charta from May, 22th, 2005 the Society for Threatened People International has made clear theat all our considerations need to focus on an effective protection of minorities in future chartas of the European Union.

These are the direct links to our research.4)


Sources:

1)  Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948
    (General Assembly resolution 217 A (III))
   
     Get the details here [pdf].
 

2)  Charter of Fundamental  Rights of the European Union: Official
     Journal of the European Communities, 18.12.2000, C 364, P. 8

       Get the details here [pdf]Download.


3)  Draft Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union:
     Society for Threatened Peoples International:
     Towards the effective protection of minorities in the EU ís future
     Charter on Fundamental Rights

       Get the details here [pdf].

       Zur Rolle des Minderheitenschutzes hier klicken.
 

4)  Read more about the history of the Charter of Fundamental
     Rights of the European Union:

       Get the details here [German, pdf].

       Get the details here [pdf].